Ecological Restoration Project "Palmaceda"
The Civil Partnership Chontachaca Ecological Reserve (REC) is an environmental, ecological and non-profit organisation. REC was created in Peru with the aim of working for the defense and conservation of the Amazonian forest and all the beings that inhabit it.
The REC is composed of professionals, employees, volunteers and nature lovers. All with experience in ecology, health and education, people who for years and for different reasons have been involved in the wonderful world of the Amazon.
REC Association is registered in the Public Registry of Peru with registration number 2009-00021784, though Manu has been working in reforestation since 2006. In 2009 it was determined to change, improve, contribute and take part in human behavior and its relationship with nature.
Chontachaca Ecological Reserve has 200 hectares of forest on the campus of Palmaceda, Chontachaca (Qosñipata Valley, Manu Biosphere Reserve) which is currently being reforested and contains an animal rescue center on the land. Our goal is to promote the ecological restoration of the flora of private property "Palmaceda" and adjacent areas, through the reintroduction of plants (ornamental, medicinal, economic) to strengthen and gain recognition as a private conservation area. Since 2006 we have planted 3000 trees of native species and there are several communities as well as individuals in the area that we would like to join our efforts. To do our job we have the support of students in biology from the University San Antonio Abad of Cusco and volunteers who for short periods of time remain in Palmaceda. Also students from the Pont de Suert Institute and the University of Girona carry out environmental projects and environmental volunteering.
Manu Biosphere Reserve is the largest rainforest reserve in the world and is at the very end of the upper Amazon in a remote region of southeastern Peru, sharing their territory the area of Cuzco (Province Paucartambo) and Madre de Dios. Manu has been officially recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage and in 1977 was designated World Biosphere Reserve. Manu has three distinct and unique fully protect ecosystems: The Puna, Cloud Forest and Tropical Lowland Forest.
Currently living in Manu are four ethnic groups-two of them are still isolated from any contact with civilization and dwell in a protected territory of 1,881,200 hectares. In an area equivalent to almost half of Switzerland, the Manu Reserve is perhaps the most species-rich protected zone across the globe.
In the past 60 years large areas of forests were heavily logged for timber and areas were cleared for crop farms. The whole area of Rio Madre de Dios suffers the problem of indiscriminate hunting, fishing and illegal mining polluting water quality leaving the biodiversity of the river totally impoverished. The loss of resources, mainly forest, has led to a decrease in the incomes of the population therefore threatening the future of these communities.
Another emerging problem is drugs. According to the National Monitoring System supported by the UN on crop growth and production of coca leaf, Peru has been placed as the second largest supplier of cocaine after Colombia. The establishment of areas considered non licit crops, mainly the cultivation of coca leaves, can create an imbalance in the dynamics of biological diversity.